Pashupatinath is a Hindu temple that is dedicated to the manifestation of Shiva (Lord of Animals) called Pashupati. The temple is located on the banks of the Bagmati River in a village called Deopatan, which is 3km northwest of Kathmandu. It is one of the most sacred Hindu shires in the world.
It is not known when the Pashupatinath Temple was build but it has been documented that it existed before 400 A.D. According to legend recorded in the local texts Nepalamahatmya and Himavatkhanda, Lord Shiva, a Hindu God fled from the other Gods in Varanasi to Mrigasthali. Mirgasthali is the forest that is on the opposite side of the banks of the Bagmati River. There in the form of a gazelle, he slept with his consort Parvati. When the other gods discovered him there and tried to bring him back to Varanasi, he leapt across the river to the other side. While jumping, his horn broke into 4 pieces and he then manifested as Pashupati, the Lord of Animals in a four-faced linga. The linga is placed in a two-tired pagoda temple with golden roofs and silver housed doors that opens to all directions.
Near the Pashpatinath Temple on the banks of the Basmati River is the Guheswari Temple, dedicated to Shiva’s consort Sati Devi. According to methodology, a portion of Sati Devi, Lord Shiva’s consort fell when a grief-stricken Shiva wandered aimlessly across the earth carrying her dead body on his shoulders following her self-immolation.