Sikkim is a landlocked Indian State located in the Himalayan mountains. The state is bordered by Nepal to the west, China’s Tibet Autonomous Region to the north and east, and Bhutan to the east. The Indian state of West Bengal lies to the south.
With 607,688 inhabitants as of the 2011 census, Sikkim is the least populous state in India and the second-smallest state after Goa in total area, covering approximately 7,096 km2 (2,740 sq mi). Sikkim is nonetheless geographically diverse due to its location in the Himalayas; the climate ranges from subtropical to high alpine, and Kangchenjunga, the world’s third-highest peak, is located on Sikkim’s border with Nepal. Sikkim is a popular tourist destination, owing to its culture, scenery and biodiversity. It also has the only open land border between India and China. Sikkim’s capital and largest city is Gangtok. Almost 25% of the state is covered by the Khangchendzonga National Park.
According to legend, the Buddhist guru Padmasambhava visited Sikkim in the 8th century CE, introduced Buddhism and foretold the era of the Sikkimese monarchy. Sikkim’s Namgyal dynasty was established in 1642. Over the next 150 years, the kingdom witnessed frequent raids and territorial losses to Nepalese invaders. In the 19th century, it allied itself with British India, eventually becoming a British protectorate. In 1975, a referendum abolished the Sikkimese monarchy, and the territory instead became part of India.
Sikkim has 11 official languages: Nepali (which is its lingua franca), Sikkimese, Hindi, Lepcha, Tamang, Limbu, Newari, Rai, Gurung, Magar, Sunwar and English. English is taught in schools and used in government documents. The predominant religions are Hinduism and Vajrayana Buddhism. Sikkim’s economy is largely dependent on agriculture and tourism, and as of 2014 the state had the third-smallest GDP among Indian states, although it is also among the fastest-growing. In 2015, Sikkim fully implemented organic farming statewide, becoming India’s first “organic state”.
North Sikkim Tour
DAY1: Start from Gangtok for Lachung (8,600ft.). Lunch on the way. cover places on the way Tashi View Point,Seven Sister water Falls, the historic Kabi Lungtsok, Phodong Monastery. (Drive 115 kms/time-6-7 hrs).reach Lachung and retire for the day.
Day 02: After breakfast drive to Yumthang Valley (12000ft.), pamper yourself with the nature enjoy full bloomed Primulas lined up by Rhododendrons and waterfalls. Visit the Hot spring. Back to Lachung, over night stay at Lachung. (Drive 24 kms. /2 hrs.) free independent activities and over night tay at Lacchung.
Day 03: After breakfast departure for Gangtok. Lunch on the way.Reach Gangtok over stay stay at hotel Tour ends.
Green Lake Trek
DAY 01 : Start from Gangtok to Lacchen North Sikkim drive approximately 6-7 hrs and Over night stay at Lachen.
DAY02:Lachen–Jakthang(3300m) Follow the main North Sikkim highway to Thangu and reach the junction of the Lachen Chu and the Zemu Chu at Zema. After crossing the Zemu Chu, proceed to Zemu valley following a trail through the forest. Before Jakthang the path crosses the Lhonak Chu. Jakthang is situated in a small meadow where we arrange for a tented accomodation for the night. (5-6 hours approx).
DAY03:Jakthang–Yabuk(3850m) The trek to Yabuk climbs through the forest and after three hours of steady walking we reach the snout of the Zemu Glacier usually by lunch time. Overnight at camp for acclimatization. (4-5 hours approx).
DAY04:Yabuk-Rest for the day Camp(4500m) Trek to the Zemu glacier.The trail is mainly over boulders and in parts is indistinct.The Zemu Chu rushes through the glacier and as the valley opens up the great peaks come into view. The Rest Camp is situated right opposite Siniolchu and has a fabulous view of one of the most beautiful mountains in Sikkim. Blue sheep and the Bharal is often sighted on the hills opposite the Rest Camp. (4-5 hours approx) Walk slowly as the sir gets thinner and acclimatization becomes of essence.
DAY05:Rest-Camp-GreenLake(5050m) The trek from Rest Camp climbs gently up the valley. The walk is usually slow because of the altitude.On a clear morning this is one of the finest treks in the Himalayas.Mount Siniolchu, Simvo, Twins and the Khangchendzonga are some of the giants that dominate the horizon. The camp is on a grassy flat known as the Green Lake Plain, the name derived from a small tarn at the eastern end where on a clear morning the reflection of the Mount Khanchendzonga is seen in the waters. Overnight at Camp. (3-4 hours approx)
DAY6:Rest day at the Green Lake Spend the day with liesure in the sunshine overlooking the peaks. The hill behind the camp which is an hour walk is a perfect point to see the magnificent views of the Khanchendzonga and the valley below.Zemu gap that links the Zemu valley to the Talung valley is clearly seen from this point. Overnight at thecamp.
DAY7:Green Lake – Yabuk The trek back to Yabuk descend downhill. Overnight at Camp. ( 4-5 hours approx).
DAY8:Yabuk-Jakthang-Zema Trek to Jakthang. Overnight at Camp. (5-6 hours)
DAY9:Zema-Lachen Drive back to Lachen and check-in at hotel/lodge. Overnight stay at Lachen. (5-6 hours).
DAY10:Lachen-Gangtok Drive from Lachen to Gangtok check in at hotel free independent activities.
DAY11: Have breakfast and start for IXB airport/NJP railway station or desired destination